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The climate in the past

To understand how the climate has varied in the past, before the time of meteorological observations, different climate indicators, the so called climate proxies, are used. These are tree rings, stalagmites, peat stratigraphy, marine sediments and deposits from ice sheets.

Tree rings have been used to reconstruct variations in temperature, drought and atmospheric circulation over the last few millennia. Sediment deposits from Gullmarsfjorden are indicators of local climate variations, while stalagmites from India are 2500 years long records of the variation in the intensity of summer monsoon.

At the Department of Earth Sciences paleoclimatological research is conducted in the following fields:


For more infomation visit our homepage: 

Gothenburg University Laroratory for Dendrochronology (GULD)

Page Manager: Emma Sjöberg|Last update: 10/4/2016

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